The Ngorongoro Crater at 2,286m above the sea level, and is the largest unbroken caldera in the world. Ngorongoro is 199km away from Arusha town, and is surrounded by very steep walls rising at 600 meters from the crater floor. The crater as been declared a world Heritage Site. Ngorongoro Crater lies within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, which covers by Lake Eyasi in southwest and the Gol Mountains in north.
Ngorongoro area containing active volcanoes, mountains, archeological sites, rolling plains, forests, lakes, dunes and of course, Ngorongoro Crater and Olduvai Gorge.
The views at the rim of Ngorongoro Crater are sensational.
On the crater floor, grassland blends into swamps, lakes, rivers, woodland and mountains – all a heaven for wildlife, including the densest predator population in Africa. The crater is home to up to 25,000 large mammals, mainly grazers gazelle, buffalo, eland, hartebeest and warthog. You will not find giraffe as there is not much to eat at tree level, The crater elephants are strangely, mainly bulls. There are a small number of black rhinos here too. The bird life is largely seasonal and is also affected by the ratio of soda to fresh water in Lake Magadi on the crater floor.